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LC S VE GIAO HOI LUTHERAN MISSOURI SYNOD


Tren the gii hien nay co gan 60 trieu giao hu Lutheran thuoc 250 nhanh khac nhau.  Cung khong ngac nhien cho lam khi biet rang con so giao hu Lutheran tai c quoc chiem mot so lng rat ln.  ay cung la cai noi cua phong trao Cai chanh Giao hoi do Tien s Martin Luther, v Anh hung c tin a khi xng vao the ky 16.

Tai c quoc co 14.7 trieu giao hu Lutheran vi 15 nhanh, tai Hoa ky co 8.7 trieu, 7.6 trieu tai Thuy ien, 4.6 trieu tai Phan Lan, 4.5 trieu tai an Mach, 3.9 trieu tai Na-Uy, 2.4 trieu tai Nam Dng, va 4.6 tai coi A Chau.  Cong them 6.2 trieu tai mien Phi Chau da en, mot ni ma Giao hoi Lutheran ang tang trng nhanh chong.

Tai vung Bac My (North America) vi 8.7 giao hu Lutheran thuoc 21 nhanh khac nhau.  Giao hoi Evangelical Lutheran (ELCA) co so giao hu ong nhat vi 5.2 trieu gom co 3 nhanh ong y hiep nhat lai vao nam 1988, ay la cac nhanh The Lutheran Chuch in America, The American Lutheran Church, va The Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches.  Tai Hoa ky giao hoi The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod (LCMS) co so giao hu ln th hai vi 2,615,567 thuoc vien a bap-tem va ng hang 11 tren the gii.   Giao hoi The Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS) co 421,189 giao hu va c ke vao hang th ba tai Bac My.

Ngc giong lch s, giao hoi LCMS bat au vi 750 ngi di dan thuoc chung toc Saxon t c quoc a en nh c tai tieu bang Missouri vao nam 1839 e i tm t do ton giao.  Di s lanh ao cua muc s tre C. F. Walther, cac di dan ngi c nay ket hiep vi mot so muc s a c ong Wilhelm Loehe tai Neuendettelsau (Baravia) gi en trc o e thanh lap giao hoi co ten la "The German Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and Other States."  Hoi ong au tien cua tan Synod nay a c to chc tai Chicago vao ngay 25-4 cho en ngay 6-5-1847.  Co 12 muc s vi Hoi thanh, ho a chap nhan Ban Hien chng, cong them vao la 10 muc s khac la ban vien trong ban co van, v ho cha thanh lap Hoi thanh.  Vi 22 muc s, 4 tai Missouri, 6 tai Ohio, 5 tai Indiana, 3 Illinois, 2 Michigan, va 2 tai New York.  Vi con so 3,000 giao hu thuoc 12 Hoi thanh, The Missouri Synod a c thanh hnh.  Tien s Walther a c tuyen chon lam v Hoi trng au tien cua mot Synod mi me.  Mot tram nam sau, 1947, danh xng cua Synod chanh thc c oi ten la The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod cho en nay.

Nh vay, t tien khi, giao hoi LCMS gom co nhng di dan ngi c noi tieng me e cho en khi The Chien I cham dt a tang trng nhanh chong.  Vao nam 1897, ngha la ch co 50 nam sau giai oan thanh lap, so giao dan gia tang en 685,000.  Va 50 nam sau o, so thuoc vien tang len gap oi na.  Theo ban tng trnh nam 1983, so giao dan gia tang en 2.6 trieu thuoc 6,218 Hoi thanh tren toan quoc.  Hien nay, giao hoi LCMS co 10 trng ai hoc, 62 trng Trung hoc, va c ke la co mot he thong trng Tieu hoc ln nhat trong Cai Chanh Giao hoi vi 1,786 trng Tieu hoc va Mau giao.  Cac Hoi thanh va trng hoc c phuc vu bi 8,389 muc s, va 9,951 giao vien. Co khoang 45% cac chc vien lam viec tron thi gian nay la gii phu n, tuy nhien, LCMS khong tan phong phu n lam muc s trong Hoi thanh.  Cac Hoi thanh LCMS co tren khap moi vung cua Hoa ky, va so lng giao dan ong ao, van tiep tuc tang gia thuoc vung a d Midwest.

Giao hoi LCMS nhan thc ve s day do tn ly thuan chanh va trung thanh vi lch s cua Cai Chanh Giao hoi Lutheran, cung luc Synod cung a tm kiem cac phng hng mi e truyen ba Phuc am cho tan thi ai.  Nha xuat ban Concordia (Concordia Publishing House) c ke la ln hang th t trong cac Nha xuat ban Cai Chanh Giao hoi a an hanh "Arch Book Series" danh cho tre em a tng ban ra tren 55 trieu an ban.  Synod cung a tien phong trong nganh truyen thong radio va truyen hnh, ai Phat tuyen KFUO c xem la ai Phat thanh ton giao ky cu nhat the gii, tru s at tai St. Louis, thu phu tieu bang Missouri. T nam 1930, "Gi Lutheran," (The Lutheran Hour) do Hoi oan Chap s Lutheran Quoc te (International Lutheran Layman's League-ILLL), mot bo phan trong Synod a tch cc yem tr va phat lan song tren at My.  Chng trnh nay cung c phat thanh hang tuan cho hn 110 quoc gia.  ac biet, chng trnh phat thanh ngon ng Hispanic danh cho sac dan Chau My La-tinh vi dan so ang tren a gia tang that nhanh chong.  Tren he thong truyen hnh, "This is the Life" la ten cua loat phim bo c xem la dai lau trong lch s truyen thong, nam 1992, a c hanh le ky niem 40 nam Anniversary. ieu ang ke ay la Hoi oan Phu n Truyen giao (The Lutheran Women's Missionary League-LWML) c hnh thanh nam 1942 cung la mot bo phan yem tr ac lc ng hang au cho cong cuoc truyen giao tren nhieu lnh vc. Hoi oan Phu n Lutheran nay cung a cung cap tai chanh e trien khai tai lieu "Life Light" nham vao s nghien cu sau rong cac loat bai hoc Thanh Kinh trong Synod.

Muc S Nguyen Hu Ninh