Make your own free website on Tripod.com

NGHI LE TH PHNG THIEN CHUA CUA GIAO HOI LCMS


Bi thanh kien hoac cung co the v khong muon tm hieu ve giao hoi Lutheran, a so tn hu trong cac Hoi thanh thng phat bieu rang Lutheran la Cong giao (Roman Catholic), hay la giong nh Cong Giao!  Co the cac v nay vao nhath Lutheran quan sat nghi le th phng, trong thay muc s Lutheran mac ao le, eo thap t gia trc ngc cho nen voi vang ket luan nh tren.  That ra, giao hoi Lutheran khong giong nh Cong Giao, neu khong muon noi la rat khac biet ve giao ly; bi v LCMS co cac tn ly thuan chanh (Pure Doctrines) co mot he thong than hoc vng chac v a c at tren nen tang Thanh Kinh.

Nghien cu lch s giao hoi, thang 11 nam 1302, Giao hoang Boniface VIII a ban hanh cac Tong Chieu (papal bulls) noi tieng, mot trong so nay co ten la Unam Sanctam noi dung nh sau:  "Do c tin thuc ay, chung toi bat buoc, phai tin va gi—chung toi tin chac chan va xng nhan—rang ch co duy nhat mot hoi thanh Cong giao va tha ke tong o, khong co s cu roi cung nh s tha th toi cho ben ngoai giao hoi."  (We are compelled, our faith urging us, to believe and to hold—and we do firmly believe and simply confess—that there is one holy Catholic and apostolic Chruch, outside of which there is neither salvation nor remission of sins.)   Neu co mot ai giang day hay tuyen bo ieu g khac vi Vatican th se b dt phep thong cong, b cam tu va b ket an la "ta giao."  Giao hoi Cong giao La-ma tin vao li day truyen thong va v Giao Hoang la vo ngo (khong sai lam!)

The cho nen khi co nhng anh hung c tin ng len, ho la cac linh muc, khi xng phong trao em giao hoi suy oi thuoc linh quay tr ve vi nen tang c tin thuan tuy, tat ca eu b giam cam va mang en trc ton giao phap nh, e roi sau o, ho b a len gian hoa thieu, nh John Wycliffe, Anh quoc (1328-1384); John Huss, Bohemia (1369-1414); John of Wesel (1481); John Puppet of Goch (1475); Wessel Gansford (1498); va Girolamo Savonaroia (1498).

Trong thi ky Trung co, t nam 1500 S.C., cac s gia a viet ve giai oan nay la "The Dark Age."  Giao hoi that s suy oi thuoc linh, giao dan khong c phep oc Thanh Kinh va ho b bat buoc vang gi cac nghi thc truyen thong do giao hoi day.  Trong the ky 16, Thien Chua a day len v anh hung c tin, tien s Martin Lutheran e em giao hoi tr ve vi nen tang Thanh Kinh.  Luther a kham pha c kho tang chau bau qu gia la Phuc am trong Thanh Kinh "ngui cong ngha se song bi c tin." (La-ma 1:17).

Trong thi o, giao dan khong c oc Thanh Kinh.  V the, vi phong trao Cai chanh bung no, nay giao dan c t do oc Li Chua qua cong trnh dch Thanh Kinh sang c ng cua Luther.  Trai ngc vi thi ky trc o, gi ay, trong nghi le th phng Thien Chua, Luther muon giao dan c nghe ve Li Hang Song.  Ngoai cac Thanh Ca ngi khen Thien Chua, con co phan tuyen oc Li Chua trong Cu va Tan Kinh, ac biet vi cac sach Phuc Am. Cac bai giang luan nham nhan manh en Luat phap va Phuc am (the Law and the Gospel.)  Ca hai iem can ban nay luon luon thang bang, co ngha la khong phai ch co mot Thien Chua thanh no, ch luon luon trng phat con ngi, ben la mot Thien Chua nhan ai thng yeu con ngui lam loi.  Cot loi cua nghi le Th phng Thien Chua trong giao hoi Lutheran c goi la Divine Service, Chua phan vi con ngi va chung ta can lang nghe tieng phan cua Thanh Linh, ang ket tu con dan Ngai e tm n th tha, s cu roi, vas song phong phu trong ang Giesu Kito.

T nam 1517 cho en nay la 481 nam a troi qua ma d am cua cac nhat bua do Luther ong vao giao ng tai Wittenburg Town Square van con tiep tuc vang doi tai nhng ni ma Phuc am c truyen rao chan that va thi hanh hai thanh le Bap-tem va Tiec thanh (the two Sacraments) vi s day do trong le that en t trong Thanh Kinh.  V the, ng ngac nhien khi vao trong giao ng Lutheran, chung ta se khong thay chap s hng dan chng trnh ng tren buc toa giang noi dong dai vai ba mi phut, ke tiep muc s se co bai giang khoang mot tieng ong ho na. Thng thng, nghi le th phng cua giao hoi Lutheran khoang 60 phut.  Trong mot Hoi thanh neu co hai muc s, mot v se la Liturgist, va v kia se ban s iep, ch co muc s ng tren toa giang ma thoi, v tn hu ng tren mot buc ben kia, ch tuyen oc Li Chua.

Giao hoi Lutheran vi niem tin sac son khong lay chuyen rang ch bi An phuc, ch bi Thanh Kinh, va ch bi c Tin. ay la giao ly thuan chanh (Pure Doctrines) ma giao hoi Lutheran tin va thc hanh nep song ao qua Li Chua day do.  Moi Chua nhat, trong nghi le th phng Thien Chua, giao dan eu oc Bai Kinh Nguyen Chung (The Lord's Prayer) va Bai Tn ieu cac S o (The Apostles' Creeds).

Muc S Nguyen Hu Ninh